عنوان مقاله [English]
نویسندگان [English]چکیده [English]
This research aims to compare family farming exploitation with cooperative farming exploitation. We mean by cooperative farming exploitation, in this research, is the cooperation between small exploiters as land, water and work force owners and private agro-industrial complexes which possess modern technology and knowledge. In this study the population includes 2000 vegetable growers in Kermanshah city of Iran. Our sample consists of 170 independent vegetable growers along with 170 cooperative exploiters that were in cooperation with ROJIN-TAK agro-industrial complex, were selected by using a multi-stage cluster sampling method, and studied. The collecting data methods used in this survey were preparation of questioners and qualitative research methods such as open interviews and focus groups. The validity of the questioners was verified by specialists in this field of study. Using Cronbach’s alpha, the reliability of questioners was also measured with %71. The findings show that there is a meaningful difference between the two groups, the independent vegetable growers and cooperative agro-industrial exploiters, in terms of cultivation diversity, cultivation experience, tendency towards modernizing agricultural methods, employing new agricultural technical methods, the amount and quality of harvested crops in each hectare. The results also show that the agro-industrial complex studied here could attract the confidence and cooperation of small exploiters through education and generalizing new agricultural methods, strengthening the spirit of cooperation and collective work, and providing free agricultural services, and, finally, compounding local knowledge and modern agricultural methods. The complex has also been able to improve the performance of tomato cultivation and increase the income dramatically. The model provided in this research is a mixture of family farming exploitation and private agro-industrial complexes.